Wisdom teeth or third molars are very complicated in their anatomical structure. They are more susceptible to decay, infections, and crooking and can cause various issues such as extensive caries, nerve damage, incorrect position, inflammation, cyst formation. It is hard to clean and maintain wisdom teeth, and often they don't even serve any useful purpose; thus, many dentists suggest extracting them as soon as they erupt.
Wisdom tooth extraction procedure is not an easy process for a dentist, and it is also painful for patients. Depending on the patient's anxiety level, the dentist might combine local anesthesia with Nitrous Oxide, oral conscious sedation, or even IV sedation. The tooth's location and position, as well as jaw size and condition, play a significant role in tool selection and extraction methods.Simple Extraction of Wisdom Tooth.
During simple removal of the wisdom tooth, Dr.Yunusov uses mostly elevators. This manipulation does not imply any gums' incisions, separation of roots, or cutting the bone. It's a minimally traumatic surgery.
On average, the procedure lasts from 2 to 15 minutes.Surgical Extraction of Wisdom Tooth.
A surgical extraction is a complicated procedure involving a specialty handpiece and other tools that cut hard and soft tissues. Anesthesia is more desirable here than with simple extraction. Cutting soft tissues and peeling them off the bone, and removing a tooth from the bone are not the most enjoyable sensations. Such surgery can take anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours.What happens after the wisdom teeth extraction?
The recovery period after extraction surgery is unique for everyone. It is better to rest for several hours to regain strength, especially after surgical extraction and if you received any sedatives.
After wisdom tooth extraction surgery, it is undesirable to eat or drink hot, not to provoke bleeding. It is best not to use mouthwash for a while either, as you can rinse off the medicine prescribed by your doctor to heal the wound. If there is severe pain after the anesthesia, the patient may take prescribed pain medications or make an ice compress.
It is not desirable to eat hard and fine-grained food for the first day after surgery to not injure the wound and clog it.Possible complications.
Very rarely, but some patients may have complications after wisdom teeth extraction surgery. Such consequences include:
- short-term fever;
- an inflammatory process on the gums;
- long-term bleeding;
- swelling that hasn't subsided for a few days;
- difficulty in oral hygiene procedures.
If such signs appear, it is necessary to consult a dentist. If the unpleasant symptoms do not go away for a long time and the pain only increases, you need to check the presence of part of the root or tooth fragments in the tooth socket.
The expected consequences of wisdom tooth extraction surgery are considered a small swelling, which begins to decline from the next day, and a temporary decrease in immunity. The oral cavity should be cleaned only with a soft brush in the next few days to prevent serious complications.Contra-indications for wisdom teeth extraction.
The following situations are serious contraindications for wisdom tooth extraction:
- infectious disease or acute respiratory infections;
- inflammation of the mouth mucosa;
- heart failure;
- mental illness.